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TOBACCO & postsurgical outcomes

Published: September 13, 2019

Categories: Comorbid Disease, Complications of Anaesthesia, General Topics, Physiology

Language: English


Worldwide, more than 1.1 billion people smoke tobacco and at least 367 million people use smokeless tobacco. Tobacco smoking is known to cause adverse health effects, including cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and was responsible for approximately 11.5% of total deaths in 2015.