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The impact of the Safer Anaesthesia from Education (SAFE) Obstetric Anaesthesia training course in Ethiopia: A mixed methods longitudinal cohort study
Published: January 1, 2020
Reducing maternal mortality remains a global priority, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Safer Anaesthesia from Education (SAFE) Obstetric Anaesthesia (OB) course is a three-day refresher course for trained anaesthesia providers addressing common causes of maternal mortality in LMICs. This aim of this study was to investigate the impact of SAFE training for a cohort of anaesthesia providers in Ethiopia. We conducted a mixed methods longitudinal cohort study incorporating a behavioural questionnaire, multiple-choice questionnaires (MCQs), structured observational skills tests and structured interviews for anaesthesia providers who attended one of four SAFE-OB courses conducted in two regions of Ethiopia from October 2017 to May 2018. Some 149 participants from 60 facilities attended training. Behavioural questionnaires were completed at baseline (n¼ 101, 69% response rate). Pre- and post-course MCQs (n ¼ 121, n ¼ 123 respectively) and pre- and post-course skills tests (n ¼ 123, n ¼ 105 respectively) were completed, with repeat MCQ and skills tests, and semi-structured interviews completed at follow-up (n ¼ 88, n ¼ 76, n ¼ 49 respectively). The mean MCQ scores for all participants improved from 80.3% prior to training to 85.4% following training (P< 0.0001) and skills test scores improved from 56.5% to 83.2% (P< 0.0001). Improvements in MCQs and skills were maintained at follow-up 3–11 months post-training compared to baseline (P¼ 0.0006,< 0.0001 respectively). Participants reported improved confidence, teamwork and communication at follow-up. This study suggests that the SAFE-OB course can have a sustained impact on knowledge and skills and can improve the confidence of anaesthesia providers and communication within surgical teams.